How to Install a CD-ROM Drive

Level of difficulty: Intermediate

Optical media like the CD (Compact Disc) is generally used for the distribution of various files and programs used in different computer systems. This type of storage media is also currently the most widely used format for majority of hardware drivers, movies, audio, and software installers. Like most data containers, it requires a specific corresponding hardware device to allow the computer user to access its contents. The installation process for the CD drive is generally similar to how a hard drive is installed into a desktop computer system.

Materials Needed:
- Screw remover and extractor
- ATA cable
- CD device driver
Step 1
The first step to any hardware installation process that would require the opening of the computer casing is the unplugging of the power cord.
Step 2
It is important that any static electricity be neutralized before any internal components of the machine are touched. This can normally be done by wearing anti-static wrist band or if unavailable, holding the metal part of the screwdriver for about two minutes.
Step 3
Identify the exact place where the CD hardware will be positioned so that it does not interfere with any existing internal components of the computer. The usual preference is the topmost available bay.
Step 4
It is important to check if the jumpers are set properly based on the manufacturer’s configuration. If installed as a single drive, jumpers must be set to Master. If used together with a hard drive using a common ATA cable, it is normally configured as a Slave. The pins should be covered accordingly on how it will be used in the machine.
Step 5
After the jumpers are properly set, open the computer cover by removing the corresponding screws. Remove any blockage or bay door where the CD hardware will be positioned. Insert the device from the front and carefully slide it into the computer case. Secure it by mounting the necessary screws.
Step 6
Connect one end of the ATA cable to the motherboard where it is commonly marked as IDE2. If configured as a Slave, use the middle connector and plug it into the back of the CD hardware, otherwise, use the connector at the end of the ribbon cable. Sometimes, these connectors are marked as Master, Slave, and Motherboard so plug them in accordingly.
Step 7
Take a vacant connector from the power supply unit and plug it into the power socket of the CD hardware. Make sure that the power cord and the ATA cable are not blocking any components especially the processor fan. Close the computer case and tighten the screws.
Step 8
Plug in the computer power cord and power up the machine. Press the corresponding key to allow you to access the BIOS settings. Usually, the DEL or the F10 keys serve as the access to the BIOS; consult your computer manual for verification.
Step 9
Once in the BIOS settings; make sure that the drive is accurately recognized. You can also opt to make the CD hardware the first boot-up device of the system. Save all changes made to the settings.
Step 10
When the system reboots and the Operating System has loaded, verify if the device is recognized by going into the appropriate utility. For Microsoft Windows-based computers, the device should appear in the My Computer folder. If it does, then it is ready for use.