How To Install the Red Hat Linux Level of difficulty:
Until 2004, the Red Hat Linux (produced by Red Hat) has established itself as one of the more popular variants of the Linux Operating System platform since its introduction in November of 1994 where it first carried the name Red Hat Commercial Linux. This release also distributed to the computer market the RPM Package Manager. This Manager is a packaging format that served as the foundation for the distribution system of other Linux-based platforms like the Yellow Dog Linux and Mandriva Linux among others. When Fedora (the community supported Fedora Project) stepped into the picture, the free version of the Red Hat Linux was produced which delivered the most suited Linux platform for home computing environments. The involvement of Fedora also brought about a relationship model which is comparable to that of Mozilla and Netscape Communicator or OpenOffice.org and StarOffice with the exception that the final commercial version of the product is also distributed as a freeware. Materials Needed:
- Optical drive
- Bootable Linux CD
- Driver diskette+C32
The GUI (Graphical User Interface) based installation wizard of Red Hat Linux can be navigated either with the mouse or via the Enter and Tab keys of the keyboard. Launch the installation program via the CD-ROM installer. Make sure that the first boot device defined in the BIOS setup is the CD drive.
To verify if the CD drive is the first boot device, press the DEL or F1 key during the boot up process to enter the BIOS setup menu. Make sure to save the changes before exiting. The machine will reboot automatically.
Make sure that you have a copy of the driver diskette for your hardware. This is a safety precaution in case some devices are not supported by the installation process. When prompted for the driver, simply insert the driver diskette in the corresponding drive.
Upon reboot of the machine, the boot installation program will be displayed. The installation process automatically initiates when no user action is detected within a minute. An alternative is to press the Enter key to boot.
The kernel (Linux) will proceed to detect all hardware devices attached to the system. Once all the hardware has been detected correctly, proceed to the next phase. If not, restart the installation procedure by selecting the Expert Mode. This mode eliminates hardware probing allowing the user to manually define and load all the necessary hardware drivers.
The installation method will then be asked from the user. Select the CD-ROM option to load the system files from the optical media and choose the OK option.
When prompted by the program, place the Red Hat Linux CD into the drive replacing the boot loader.
The user will then be asked for the language to be used during the installation process. Using the mouse device, click on the appropriate language from the list and click on the Next button.
The screen allows the user to define the keyboard model and layout as well as to enable dead keys. Click the Next button after choosing the correct settings.
The mouse is the next device to be configured. The screen provides the user with an option to emulate a 3-button mouse. Choose the Next option when finished configuring the hardware.
The Red Hat Linux Welcome Screen will be displayed to the user. Click on the Next button to proceed. Choose the Full Installation option from the succeeding screen and press the Next button.
The next screen allows the user to decide on the type of partitioning method to be used. Usually the Automatic partition option is chosen. Click Next to continue.
You can now set the Time Zone relative to your location as well as the UTC (Universal Coordinated Time) offset. Click Next to move to the next portion.
The next screen is for the Account Configuration. The root password, account name, password, and full name can be declared in this portion. Click the Next button.