How To Replace A Computer Processor

Level of difficulty: Easy

The processor is the heart of a computer that executes a stored program to drive a computer. System analysis should be done before replacing the processor. It is necessary to check the compatibility of the motherboard, memory, other peripherals and the new processor in order to avoid future problems.

Materials Needed:
- Microprocessor Heat Paste
Step 1
Install the new processor after a systematic motherboard, memory, peripheral analysis. Make sure that all remaining peripherals are compatible to the new processor. Disconnect the power cables found behind the power supply of your CPU, including the data cable (SATA, IDE) and motherboard’s power cable.
Step 2
Remove the graphic card, LAN card, Audio card and other peripherals found in the motherboard. Handle these components with care. It is recommended not to touch the underside of the card.
Step 3
Carefully take out the screws that hold the motherboard from the casing using a screw driver. Gently remove the motherboard and place it on an anti-static surface.
Step 4
Slowly manage the latching mechanism that holds the fan and heat sink together. Look for the motherboard’s manual to see the location of fan/heat sink lock, since motherboard locks differ in position according to model and manufacturer. Remove the fan and heat sink from the motherboard.
Step 5
Gently press and release the ZIF (Zero Insertion Force) lever found adjacent to the processor
Step 6
Slowly and carefully remove the old processor from the motherboard. Handle only by the edges.
Step 7
Now, carefully connect the new processor from your motherboard. Hold it by the side. Make sure to attach it with the proper pin configuration (refer to the motherboard and new processor). Slowly close and lock the ZIF lever.
Step 8
Clean the base of the heat sink with clean cloth and apply relative amount of heat paste. This is to ensure that the new processor and heat sink will have a good contact, which is vital in the computer’s cooling system.
Step 9
Carefully refit the fan and heat sink in its proper place. Be sure that there is no loose fan lock to provide proper ventilation to the processor.
Step 10
Properly refasten the motherboard to its casing with the anti static bag underneath using the same screws. Connect the sound, audio, LAN card and other peripherals (if any). Re-establish data cables (SATA, IDE), the power cable on the motherboard and hard drives. Connect the power cables at the back of your power supply.
Step 11
Start your computer.