How to Install a Computer Router

Level of difficulty: Intermediate

In computer networks, a router is a type of hardware responsible for the forwarding of data packets along with a network serviced from its source like the Internet or a network server to the requesting client machine. Router devices are normally placed at the gateways (where two or more networks interconnect) to allow for the critical process of keeping the network data flowing across the network and being delivered to the correct recipient of the data via header and forwarding tables. An increasing number of home networks have relied on the implementation of routers not only to share network resources like printing and storage devices among various client machines including broadband Internet connectivity as well as reduction of the cost of implementation and deployment. The router device, in most cases, implements additional security measures for the connected network by deploying its own version of a hardware firewall service.

Materials Needed:
- Ethernet cables
- router (wired or wireless)
- computer
- Operating System that supports networking protocols
Step 1
To install a router (regardless whether wired or wireless) for the existing network power up the computer machine and get the installation CD from the router’s package and place it into the CD or DVD drive of the machine.
Step 2
The installation CD will launch the setup program. Follow the onscreen guide and do not power up or connect the router until instructed to do so. Remember to connect only the router to the modem and computer with the correct cables at the right step to make sure that it is properly configured and recognized by the network.
Step 3
Launch the Web browser and type in the associated IP address of the router in the address bar to gain access to the Web Administration Page. This will allow the user to implement additional security settings and configurations for the router.
Step 4
Connect any wired computers to the back panel ports of the router. Make sure that the cables are securely plugged into the sockets. For wireless routers, simply power up the computer with a wireless network adapter and click on the connection to log into the network. Input the network password if required.
Step 5
Restart the connected network client. After the reboot, try connecting to the Internet or printing to a network printer to make sure that the router is working properly.
Step 6
For wireless routers, make sure that it is properly secured to prevent any unauthorized access to the network environment and its resources. Check if all indicator lights are properly functioning to allow for a proper visual inspection of the network status.
Step 7
Routinely restart the router by powering it off for about 30 seconds and powering it on again. This will make sure that connections are refreshed. It is also a good way to resolve majority of networking associated problems.